The Odyssey Book 15 Summary and Analysis


Book 15 Summary and Analysis

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Theoclymenus: a fugitive prophet from Argos

Peraeus: a loyal friend of Telemachus

Athene travels to Sparta and visits Telemachus in a dream. She tells him to take his leave of Menelaus quickly and return home so that he need not fear for the welfare of his goods. She informs him that Eurymachus has given the most presents to Icarius, Penelope’s father; Telemachus had best return home in case Penelope decides to give some of her son’s wealth to her prospective husband.

Telemachus awakens, and in the morning he and Peisistratus take their leave of Menelaus and Helen. However, the Spartan king first bestows a golden goblet and silver bowl forged by Hephaestus to Telemachus as guest gifts. Helen gives him a lovely gown which could be worn by Telemachus’ future wife. As Telemachus and Peisistratus mount their chariot, an eagle bearing a captive goose flies by them on their right side. Helen interprets this as a sign of Odysseus’ imminent return and the fulfillment of his vengeance against the suitors.

Telemachus rides for two days back to Pylus, where he asks Peisistratus to drop him off at his ship so that he might board it quickly and avoid a laborious leave-taking from Nestor. Although Peisistratus knows his father will be angry, he assists his new friend by leaving him by his ship. After Peisistratus has departed for his father’s house, Telemachus’ men prepare the ship for its voyage. While Telemachus is pouring a libation to the gods, he is visited by Theoclymenus, a prophet in a long line of prophets who is presently a fugitive from the region of Argos. The prophet’s ancestor, Melampous, had sought and won the hand of Nestor’s sister years ago; Melampous then migrated to Argos. Theoclymenus himself has slain a man who has many kinsmen. Fleeing their wrath, Theoclymenus requests passage on Telemachus’ ship. The young son of Odysseus grants the fugitive’s wish to accompany him to Ithaca. Telemachus’ ship then sets out and heads for Ithaca. It sails on into the night in the hope of avoiding the suitors’ ambush; Athene had previously warned Telemachus of this imminent danger.

Meanwhile, Odysseus again tests Eumaeus. Odysseus suggests that he should leave the swineherds’ dwelling and head for the main city, where he can beg from the suitors. Eumaeus quickly dissuades him of this idea and keeps him sheltered in his midst.

Odysseus and Eumaeus stay up all night telling stories. Eumaeus tells Odysseus the story of his life. He was a prince of the island of Syria, whose homeland was visited by Phoenician traders. One of the traders made a pact with a Phoenician slave in Eumaeus’ household; he agreed to free the bondswoman and restore her to her homeland. In recompense, the slave...

(The entire section is 1159 words.)