How does Shelley symbolize the revolutionary era using the west wind in "Ode to the West Wind"?

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Percy Bysshe Shelley was the most politically revolutionary of the Romantic poets and in "Ode to the West Wind," he looks forward to the death of the old order and the coming of a new era. He begins by describing the way in which the Wind, personified and apostrophized, drives away the dead leaves while bearing the "winged seeds" in a chariot "to their dark wintry bed." With the same force, the West Wind drives out the old ideas and customs, which are ghostly and stricken with pestilence, and prepares the way for vigorous new life. Spring will complete this work, blowing her clarion over the "dreaming earth," and turning the dream of revolution to reality.

The poem emphasizes the destructive nature of the West Wind, but continually points out that destruction of what is already dead is necessary for renewal and rebirth. Shelley asks the Wind to fill his spirit with its impetuous reforming zeal, concluding with the lines:

Scatter, as from an unextinguish'd hearth
Ashes and sparks, my words among mankind!
Be through my lips to unawaken'd earth
The trumpet of a prophecy! O Wind,
If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?
Shelley wants his words to be fiery, as the rhetoric of a revolutionary must be: destroying and purifying. Like a prophet, he must wake the earth from its slumber, using the imagery of the trumpet recalling the clarion of Spring at the beginning of the poem and suggesting that he will become something like a force of nature in his dedication to the revolution. Like most revolutionaries, Shelley is rather vague about what the new world order will be like. He concentrates on clearing the ground of everything that is dead, work for which a strong wind is eminently well-suited. His final insistence that he himself must be part of this process makes the political nature of the metaphor clear.
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How is the West Wind a symbol of the revolutionary era and a new world order in Percy Bysshe Shelley's poem "Ode to the West Wind"?

In “Ode to the West Wind,” Shelley uses symbolism to help the reader visualize the changes coming. The poem begins by talking about the West Wind bringing Autumn and the time when life goes dormant and gets buried.

The poem uses the changing of seasons and the decay of Winter to symbolize changes coming to the world. The current state of affairs is symbolized as Winter. Shelly signifies this time by using several references to death: “Each like a corpse within its grave,” “black rain, and fire, and hail will burst,” and “drive my dead thoughts over the universe.” Although the poem talks about a dark period, it also brings hope and change to the reader.

The next era is symbolized through lines such as “like wither’d leaves to quicken a new birth” and “be through my lips to unawaken’d earth.” Shelley ends the poem with a glimmer of hope in the coming change in the line “If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?” Spring is a time of rebirth and growth.

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