Novel Without a Name

by Thu Huong Duong
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Last Updated on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 144

Novel Without a Name tells the Vietnam war story from a Vietnamese point of view. In fact, it goes even deeper and reveals the experience form a soldier's perspective. Quan, the main character, joins the Vietnamese army together with his two childhood friends, Bien and Luong, hoping to make a difference in his home country. However, the war with the Americans takes a toll on him, and he loses all sense of belonging or hope. Quan witnesses the death of many of his colleagues and innocent civilians. In the end, he comes to the conclusion that the war was only meant to benefit those in power. As he stares at an American soldier captured by his comrades, he realizes that even this soldier is a victim of a war with no meaning. The novel leaves the reader thinking and questioning the logic behind war.

Summary

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Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 407

Novel Without a Name is the story of a young platoon commander, Quan, who struggles to find his identity in the confusion of the last days of the Vietnam War. Ten years before the novel opens, Quan joins the army with his boyhood friends, Bien and Luong. Each represents a different response to the search for identity in the chaos of war. By the time of the novel’s opening, Luong has risen in the ranks of the army; he is an officer at division headquarters and deputy to the commander. He accepts and disseminates Party ideology, finding a space for himself in the bureaucracy of war. Bien, on the other hand, never rises above sergeant. The deprivations of the war lead him to mental illness, and he is imprisoned as a lunatic. Quan’s struggle for identity is the most complicated.

At the heart of the book is Quan’s journey, taken under Luong’s orders, into the interior of Vietnam to free Bien from his imprisonment. As Quan travels, he reflects, dreams, and hallucinates about the horrors of the war. Quan recalls the glory showered on the three friends when they joined the army, contrasting it to the death and destruction around him. He strives to find meaning in his encounters with an old man and child, with a woman whose job it is to bury the dead, and with a skeleton he finds hanging in a hammock. When he encounters Party officials on a train and hears their cynical assessment of the Vietnamese people, he begins to suspect that his only identity is as a puppet, as someone who follows orders from above and enforces those orders on those below.

In the final pages of the novel, a confrontation with one of his privates who has destroyed a cache of American medicine startles Quan into the realization that all the death and loss has been meaningless. This bleak epiphany is underscored when Quan sees his first American, a prisoner, and realizes that he no longer hates Americans. He sees the American as a pawn of another government, just as Quan himself is the pawn of his own government.

Although North Americans have had ample opportunity to consider the American experience in Vietnam, they have had little chance to view the war from a North Vietnamese perspective. Novel Without a Name demonstrates the futility of war from the point of view of the common soldier.

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