Nineteenth-Century Social Protest Literature Outside England Criticism: Oppression Revealed - Essay

A. N. Kaul (essay date 1963)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Kaul, A. N. “Huckleberry Finn: A Southwestern Statement.” In The American Vision: Actual and Ideal Society in Nineteenth-Century Fiction, pp. 280-304. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1963.

[In the following excerpt, Kaul describes Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as a novel that questions the moral basis of nineteenth-century American society.]

The boy [Huck] and the Negro slave form a family, a primitive community—and it is a community of saints.

—Lionel Trilling, “Huckleberry Finn”

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn marks in so...

(The entire section is 8068 words.)

Andrew A. J. Noble (essay date 1973)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Noble, Andrew A. J. “Dostoevsky's Anti-Utopianism.” In The Victorians and Social Protest: A Symposium, edited by John Butt and I. F. Clarke, pp. 133-55. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1973.

[In the following essay, Noble discusses Fyodor Dostoevsky's strong condemnation of bourgeois society in his writings.]

Few, if any, writers equal Dostoevsky's capacity to combine the powers of the historical, social and religious thinker with the more personal and aesthetic creativity of the novelist. No one, not even the Henry James of The Bostonians, wherein we find themes very similar to those discussed in this [essay], approaches his ability to fuse together in...

(The entire section is 8725 words.)

Victor Ripp (essay date 1975)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Ripp, Victor. “Turgenev as a Social Novelist: The Problem of the Part and the Whole.” In Literature and Society in Imperial Russia, 1800-1914, edited by William Mills Todd III, pp. 237-57. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1978.

[In the following essay, first presented at a conference in 1975, Ripp considers Ivan Turgenev's depictions of social constraints and his conception of an ideal future for Russia.]


In the early 1850's, shortly before the publication of the first collected edition of Notes of a Huntsman, Turgenev began to express dissatisfaction with his literary achievements. This was a recurrent...

(The entire section is 9252 words.)

Michael T. Jones (essay date spring 1977)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Jones, Michael T. “Hoffmann and the Problem of Social Reality: A Study of Kater Murr.Monatshefte: A Journal Devoted to the Study of German Language and Literature 69, no. 1 (spring 1977): 45-57.

[In the following essay, Jones demonstrates tensions between artistic representation and the social world in E. T. A. Hoffmann's novel Lebensansichten des Katers Murr.]

E. T. A. Hoffmann's Lebensansichten des Katers Murr is known superficially to Germanists as a unique and humorous experiment in novelistic form, containing a double narrative and told from the perspective of a lively and endearing cat. Critics who have dealt with the novel, however,...

(The entire section is 6082 words.)