Alfred Cismaru (essay date October 1987)
SOURCE: Cismaru, Alfred. “Victor Hugo as Defender of Liberal Causes.” Cimarron Review 81 (October 1987): 55-60.
[In the following essay, Cismaru presents Victor Hugo as a writer preoccupied with the struggle for human liberty.]
The year 1985 marked the centenary of Victor Hugo's death. In France, and significantly, in many other parts of the world, including Soviet-bloc countries, states in the Middle East, and China, numerous official observances were held, within and outside university campuses. To be sure, Hugo's reputation as one of the dominant literary giants of the nineteenth century earned him lasting respect and the memory of contemporaries everywhere. But...
(The entire section is 2982 words.)