Nineteenth-Century Sanitation Reform Criticism: Social Context - Essay

Christopher Hamlin (essay date 1998)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Hamlin, Christopher. “A Political Medicine.” In Public Health and Social Justice in the Age of Chadwick: Britain, 1800-1854, pp. 52-83. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

[In the following essay, Hamlin provides the context for both Chadwick's Sanitary Report and for the issue of public health reform in general. Hamlin details the slow recognition of social factors that could lead to disease and the assumptions about class that had permitted unsanitary conditions to continue and flourish. At the point when Chadwick introduced his Report, Hamlin observes a tension between public health advocates who critique the fundamental systems of industrial society...

(The entire section is 16633 words.)

Mary Elizabeth Hotz (essay date 2001)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Hotz, Mary Elizabeth. “Down among the Dead: Edwin Chadwick's Burial Reform Discourse in Mid-Nineteenth-Century England.” Victorian Literature and Culture 28, no. 1 (2001): 21-38.

[In the following essay, Hotz interprets the power struggles within the movement for burial reform, including local versus national power and the power of the poor to devise their own funeral practices. Hotz thus sees Chadwick's report on burial reform as an effort to contain that power within the government.]

In 1839, G. A. Walker, a London surgeon, published Gatherings from Graveyards, Particularly Those in London. Three years later Parliament appointed a House of Commons...

(The entire section is 9623 words.)