The Nineteenth-Century Literary Marketplace Criticism: Women In The Literary Marketplace - Essay

Nigel Cross (essay date 1985)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Cross, Nigel. “The Female Drudge: Women Novelists and their Publishers.” In The Common Writer: Life in Nineteenth-Century Grub Street, pp. 164-203. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

[In the following excerpt, Cross documents the economic hardships common to nineteenth-century women writers, torn between society's expectations of the female's proper role and the necessity of earning a living.]

Throughout the nineteenth century and especially in the Victorian age women writers were distinguished from men not so much by their works as by their sex. Women of such different styles and temperaments as Caroline Norton, Charlotte Yonge and George Eliot...

(The entire section is 18256 words.)

Susan Coultrap-McQuin (essay date 1990)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Coultrap-McQuin, Susan. “Why Try a Writing Career?: The Ambiguous Cultural Context for Women Writers of the Mid-Nineteenth Century.” In Doing Literary Business: American Women Writers in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 2-26. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.

[In the following excerpt, Coultrap-McQuin discusses the overt discrimination against women writers by the male literary establishment and publishing industry in nineteenth-century America.]

On December 17, 1877, H. O. Houghton and Company, publishers of the prestigious Atlantic Monthly, hosted a dinner party to celebrate the twentieth anniversary of their literary magazine and...

(The entire section is 12638 words.)

Catherine A. Judd (essay date 1995)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Judd, Catherine A. “Male Pseudonyms and Female Authority in Victorian England.” In Literature in the Marketplace: Nineteenth-Century British Publishing and Reading Practices, edited by John O. Jordan and Robert L. Patten, pp. 250-68. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

[In the following essay, Judd examines the practice of female authors writing under male pseudonyms in the nineteenth century and finds that their reasons for doing so were various and complex.]

It has become a critical commonplace to assert that the use of male pseudonyms by Victorian women writers, especially domestic novelists, illustrates the repression and victimization of the...

(The entire section is 7504 words.)