Nineteenth-Century Abolitionist Literature of Cuba and Brazil Criticism: Sociopolitical Concerns - Essay

David T. Haberly (essay date December 1972)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Haberly, David T. “Abolition in Brazil: Anti-Slavery and Anti-Slave.” Luso-Brazilian Review 9, no. 2 (December 1972): 30-46.

[In the following essay, Haberly argues that the majority of nineteenth-century Brazilian abolitionist literature depicted black slaves as sexually immoral and prone to violence, stereotypes that reinforced the demand for emancipation based less on sympathy for the victims of slavery than the supposed dangers these slaves posed for their white slave-owners.]

The abolition of African slavery is clearly one of the fundamental events of nineteenth-century Brazilian history. Its peaceful accomplishment—in sharp contrast to the bloody...

(The entire section is 6947 words.)

William Luis (essay date 1990)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Luis, William. “The Antislavery Narrative: Writing and the European Aesthetic.” In Literary Bondage: Slavery in Cuban Narrative, pp. 27-81. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990.

[In the following essay, Luis describes how Cuban editors Domingo del Monte and José Antonio Saco encouraged the island's liberal writers to protest slavery.]


The antislavery narrative developed as part of a movement to abolish slavery and the slave trade.1 Domingo del Monte gave rise to this form of protest by encouraging friends in his literary circle to write about slavery and the plight of the slave. These early works describe the abuses...

(The entire section is 6502 words.)