The Night of the Iguana Critical Evaluation
by Tennessee Williams

Start Your Free Trial

Download The Night of the Iguana Study Guide

Subscribe Now

Critical Evaluation

(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

In most of Tennessee Williams’s major plays, the fear of dispossession looms before the major characters. Even in the affluent setting of Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1955), Brick and Maggie are threatened with disinheritance. In The Night of the Iguana, the themes of dispossession and homelessness run high and are sustained throughout the play. Larry Shannon, Hannah Jelkes, and Nonno are all wanderers, wandering without means. One can hardly envision a more hopeless situation than that of Hannah: Penniless, she spends her life pushing a ninety-seven-year-old man, a fourth- or fifth-rate poet, around Mexico in his wheelchair.

Despite this, Hannah emerges as a unique female character in the Williams canon. She is almost a reverse image of Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire (1947), although she faces similar problems. Whereas Blanche lives in the shadow of a checkered past, Hannah has always lived within the socially established moral boundaries of her society.

Hannah’s celibacy does not make her judgmental of those who do not practice her restraint. In the two romantic episodes of her life that she reveals to Larry Shannon in the play, she has sympathy for the men who tried to have their way with her, the first a youth who pursued her in the balcony of a darkened movie theater, the second, years later, a man who took her out on a sampan one evening when she was in Singapore and, requesting one article of her clothing, used it as his fetish while he masturbated. Hannah averted her eyes and was not disgusted by the encounter because, as she says, nothing human disgusts her.

In A Streetcar Named Desire , Blanche’s impending homelessness leads her to the desperate state of having to depend upon her sister or public charity. She is a victim of her circumstances. Hannah, on the other hand, is at peace with herself and deplores neither her life nor the circumstances that have caused it to be as it is. When Shannon questions her situation and reminds her that birds build nests...

(The entire section is 526 words.)