Barack Obama was the forty-fourth president of the United States. In The New Jim Crow, Michelle Alexander evaluates Barack Obama’s presidency both in terms of his approach toward mass incarceration and his symbolic significance as the nation’s first black president. Alexander writes that she was elated when Barack Obama won the election in 2008, and like millions of other Americans, she saw his victory as a symbol of America’s racial progress. She, along with other civil rights activists, were excited to have a president who seemed to appreciate the racial component to the War on Drugs. During the campaign, Obama was forthright about his youthful use of marijuana, and he seemed cognizant of just how differently his life could have turned out.
Alexander argues that activists, herself included, should have been a little bit more skeptical about Obama’s commitment to ending the War on Drugs, especially given that his running mate, Joe Biden, was one of the biggest “drug warriors” in the Senate. Indeed, during his campaign, Obama walked back on many of his more progressive criminal justice positions, including his opposition to the death penalty. Once in office, Obama revamped many of the most ineffective and damaging policies of the War on Drugs, and Alexander notes that Obama’s budget was actually much worse than Bush’s in terms of the ratio of money devoted to law enforcement as opposed to drug...
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