The New Apartment: Minneapolis Summary

Linda Hogan


(Masterpieces of American Literature)

In “The New Apartment: Minneapolis,” Hogan’s dislike of the city dominates. The poem begins with Hogan describing her new apartment’s unpleasant features: creaking, burn-scarred floorboards, no view of the moon, the way in which the building “wants to fall down/ the universe when earth turns,” and the way it “still holds the coughs of old men.”

Hogan meditates upon the Indian people who lived in the building before she moved in and recalls “how last spring white merchants hung an elder/ on a meathook and beat him.” This beating of an elderly Indian man who was accused of stealing a bottle of disinfectant from a local store makes her feel at war. In one interview, Hogan claimed that Minneapolis was an extremely racist city; she pointed out that the beating became public only because one of the police who investigated it was an Indian.

As the poem continues, Hogan remembers earlier wars “and relocation like putting the moon in prison/ with no food and that moon already a crescent,” identifying the Indian peoples with the crescent-thin moon at the time of their forced relocation to inhospitable lands. Hogan, though, warns that they will grow large and strong again, as the moon grows full.

Despite this warning and her anger over the treatment of Native Americans, Hogan does not forget that city society, like all other societies, is made up of individuals, seemingly suspended in air “through the walls of...

(The entire section is 449 words.)


(Masterpieces of American Literature)

Allen, Paula Gunn. The Sacred Hoop: Recovering the Feminine in American Indian Traditions. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.

Anderson, Eric Gary. “Native American Literature, Ecocriticism, and the South: The Inaccessible Worlds of Linda Hogan’s Power.” In South to a New Place: Region, Literature, Culture, edited by Suzanne W. Jones and Sharon Monteith. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2002.

Arnold, Ellen L. “Beginnings Are Everything: The Quest for Origins in Linda Hogan’s Solar Storms.” In Things of the Spirit: Women Writers Constructing Spirituality, edited by Kristina K. Groover. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 2004.

Balassi, William, John F. Crawford, and Annie O. Eysturoy, eds. This Is About Vision: Interviews with Southwestern Writers. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1990.

Bleck, Melani. “Linda Hogan’s Tribal Imperative: Collapsing Space Through ’Living’ Tribal Traditions and Nature.” Studies in American Indian Literatures: The Journal of the Association for the Study of American Indian Literatures 11 (Winter, 1999): 23-45.

Bonetti, Kay. “Linda Hogan.” In Conversations with American Novelists: The Best Interviews from the “Missouri Review” and the American Audio Prose Library, edited by Kay Bonetti, Greg Michalson, Speer Morgan, Jo Sapp, and Sam Stowers. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1997.

Coltelli, Laura. Winged Words: American Indian Writers Speak. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

Cook, Barbara J., ed. From the Center of Tradition: Critical Perspectives on Linda Hogan. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2003.

Hegarty, Emily. “Genocide and Extinction in Linda Hogan’s Ecopoetry.” In Ecopoetry: A Critical Introduction, edited by J. Scott Bryson. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2002.

Hogan, Linda. “’A Heart Made Out of Crickets’: An Interview with Linda Hogan.” Interview by Bo Schöler. Journal of Ethnic Studies 16 (Spring, 1988): 107-117.