Chapter 22 Summary

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A great deal is revealed about the history of Hailsham during Kathy and Tommy’s conversation with Miss Emily. Kathy and Tommy’s purpose in coming to the house is to ascertain whether it is possible to defer their donations. It is not possible, though it brings Miss Emily no joy to say so. She tries to explain that they did receive something during their time at Hailsham. They are educated and cultured.

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The history of cloning stretches back to the 1950s, and by the time people began to think about where the replacement organs came from, it was too late to do anything about it. Miss Emily asks, how could anyone go back to a world in which there was no cure for cancer? In the early days, the clones suffered in terrible conditions. Miss Emily and Marie-Claude, or Madame, worked to fix that.

They established Hailsham and other schools like it. Their purpose was to convince the public that the clones had souls; Kathy and Tommy are shocked to learn that the subject could even be debated. Miss Emily says this shows how important Hailsham’s work was. If Tommy’s theory is wrong, at the least he was somewhat correct that their artwork was meant to reveal the “inner soul” of the cloned children, the students. There were galleries of artwork on display, and these galleries did lead to better conditions for the clones. However, before long, there was a scandal around one scientist, James Morningdale, who tried to create genetically superior children. Although Kathy struggles to see the connection between the Morningdale scandal and Hailsham, Miss Emily explains that it nevertheless made it impossible to procure funds to keep the schools going. Now, the cloned children live less well than they once did, though at least things are not so bad as they were before Hailsham. Miss Emily takes comfort in this, though she accepts that Kathy and Tommy might not. Miss Emily sees her time at Hailsham as a success on behalf of the clones, whom she admits she found repulsive throughout the time in which she struggled to help them.

(The entire section contains 561 words.)

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Chapter 21 Summary


Chapter 23 Summary