Vaillant, Janet G. Black, French, and African: A Life of Léopold Sédar Senghor. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990, 388 p.
Detailed biography of Senghor.
Ahluwalia, Pal. “‘Negritude and Nativism’: In Search of Identity.” Africa Quarterly 39, no. 2 (1999): 21-44.
Provides a detailed account of the Negritude movement, from its beginnings in the 1930s and tracing it into the 1990s.
Ako, Edward O. “Langston Hughes and the Négritude Movement: A Study in the Literary Influences.” CLA Journal: A Quarterly 28, no. 1...
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