(Native Americans: A Comprehensive History)

0111203712-Nana.jpg Nana (Library of Congress) Published by Salem Press, Inc.

Article abstract: Nana was said to have had the longest fighting career of any Apache warrior.

Nana, who married Geronimo's sister, Nah-dos-te, was closely allied with the Mimbreño chief Victorio in fighting removal to reservations. Nana was one of only seventeen Apaches to escape the 1880 massacre of Victorio and his people living in the Sierre Madre.

The scalps of sixty-two warriors and sixteen women and children earned the Mexican force under Colonel Terrazas fifty thousand dollars. An additional sixty-eight women and children were sold into slavery. Nana, then seventy years old, gathered the survivors and stepped into the leadership role.

From July of 1881 through the next year, Nana terrorized New Mexico. After surrendering to General George Crook's forces in May, 1883, Nana and about 320 Apaches were marched from Sierre Madre to San Carlos. In May, 1885, Nana and about 140 Chiricahuas broke away from the reservation once more. Their flight into Mexico and subsequent raids ended March 25, 1886, when the leaders negotiated with Crook to return to the reservation. The terms of surrender were violated, and Crook resigned. Over the next four months, five thousand men were employed to “capture or destroy” thirty-eight Chiricahuas. Removed as a prisoner to Florida, Nana survived captivity to return to Oklahoma, where he died, probably in 1895 or 1896. He was buried in the Apache cemetery near Fort Sill.