(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Jack Jasper is the choirmaster of the cathedral at Cloisterham. Young as he is, he is also the guardian of his orphan nephew, Edwin Drood, who is only a few years Jasper’s junior. Edwin Drood is an apprentice engineer who expects one day to become a partner in the firm that employs him, for his father had been one of the owners. Drood’s profession takes him all over the world, but he comes back at every opportunity to Cloisterham to see his uncle and his fiancé.

Drood’s fiancé, Rosa Bud, is attending a finishing school in Cloisterham. She has been there for several years, for both her parents are dead. The fathers of the two young people had been extremely close friends, and both had requested in their will that their two children become engaged and, at the proper time, married. As the years passed, Edwin and Rosa realized that they were not in love and had no desire to marry. During Rosa’s last year at the finishing school, they agree to remain friends but to put aside all ideas of marriage. No one except Rosa realizes that Jasper is in love with her. Rosa is very much afraid of Jasper, so much so that she dares not tell anyone of Jasper’s infatuation, but she almost gives her secret away when she ceases taking music lessons from him.

During one of Drood’s visits to Cloisterham, a young English couple arrives there from Ceylon, where they had been orphaned. The young woman, Helena Landless, who is Rosa Bud’s age, enters the finishing school, and the young man, who is the age of Edwin Drood, begins studies under one of the minor officials at the cathedral, Mr. Crisparkle. Crisparkle, a friend of Jasper and Drood, introduces his charge, Neville Landless, to Jasper and Edwin, in the hope that they will all become fast friends.

As it turns out, however, young Landless was immediately smitten with Rosa and becomes irritated by Drood’s casual attitude toward her. The very first evening the three men spend together in Jasper’s lodgings, the two quarrel; Jasper claims that if he had not interceded, Landless would have killed Drood.

Rosa and Helena become close friends, and Rosa confesses to Helena that she is in love with Helena’s brother. Jasper soon deduces this fact for himself and becomes exceedingly jealous. Jasper, who is addicted to opium, is extremely peculiar and mysterious at times. He becomes acquainted with Durdles, a stonemason, who takes him about the cathedral and points out the various old tombs under the...

(The entire section is 1015 words.)