The Poem

Download PDF PDF Page Citation Cite Share Link Share

Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 514

Illustration of PDF document

Download My Grandmother's Love Letters Study Guide

Subscribe Now

Hart Crane’s “My Grandmother’s Love Letters” consists of six stanzas, three of which are fairly traditional quatrains, three of which deviate from that established pattern. The “story” of the event that triggered the poem is relatively simple: The speaker discovers his grandmother’s letters tucked into a corner of the attic and contemplates reading them. The story of the poem itself, however, is far more complicated. Crane chooses to focus on the process of decision rather than on the act of reading.

“My Grandmother’s Love Letters” is one of Crane’s most straightforward poems, appearing early in Crane’s first book, White Buildings. It begins with a simple statement of fact: There are no stars to be seen because it is raining. Yet, even when they are covered with clouds, one knows the stars are there; memory serves as a way to interpret the universe. There is also room for human memory—the letters—which might open doors of human understanding. These letters are old—faded, fragile, friable—and they carry the weight of a personal history. Thus the speaker is acutely aware of the delicacy one needs to enter another person’s private terrain: “Over the greatness of such space/ Steps must be gentle.”

It is at this point that the reader is made aware that something larger is at stake. The poem suddenly contains a rhymed couplet, each line end-stopped, as though to give the reader time to pause: “It is all hung by an invisible white hair./ It trembles as birch limbs webbing the air.”

The speaker is having second thoughts. The letters were not sent to the “grandmother” of the title, nor to his mother’s mother, as he has identified her, but to “Elizabeth”—a woman he has never known because she existed before she had taken on the other roles in which he would recognize her. It is significant that her given name occupies a line all by itself in the second stanza.

At the center of the poem a one-line stanza—“And I ask myself:”—is linked by the colon to a complex question set off in quotation marks. The speaker is literally speaking to himself, doubting his ability to read the letters in the spirit in which they were written. He also begins to question his emotional capacity to enter his grandmother’s experience.

The final quatrain begins with what also looks like a traditional rhymed couplet, but the second line turns on a semicolon, altering and qualifying the meaning. The speaker would like to lead his grandmother into his own private life but knows there is much she would be unable to comprehend. What makes him think he would be capable of penetrating her private world? And so he “stumble[s].” The caesura stops the reader cold. Will he read the letters or not? The question remains unanswered as “the rain continues on the roof/ With such a sound of gently pitying laughter.” The poem ends where it began: rain in the night, the letters with their promise of memory and understanding.

Previous

Themes