Mulk Raj Anand 1905–
Indian novelist, short story writer, critic, and nonfiction writer.
Anand was educated in India and England and writes in English. Along with R. K. Narayan and Raja Rao, Anand is responsible for defining modern Indo-English literature in terms of themes, characterization, and philosophical concerns.
Anand is distinguished for his ideological commitment to the reform of India's political, social, and cultural institutions. Such early fictional works as The Coolie and Untouchable deal with the cruelties inherent in the caste system and the suffering induced by poverty. For a time, Anand's work was highly political, often attributing India's problems to British rule and capitalism. However, the didacticism and stereotyped characterization which marred these early novels yield to a deeper psychological and humanistic interpretation in such later works as The Private Life of an Indian Prince. Anand is currently working on a septet of autobiographical fiction designed to illustrate the "Seven Ages of Man."
(See also Contemporary Authors, Vols. 65-68.)