Ivan Turgenev was one of the first Russian writers to win fame outside Russia. Although best known as a novelist, Turgenev also was a poet, journalist, and dramatist. The plays—he wrote about a dozen—came relatively early in his writing career, between 1843 and 1852. Of them, A Month in the Country, written in 1850, is generally considered the best, even though The Lady from the Provinces (1851) makes a better stage production. A Month in the Country was a great favorite of the Moscow Art Theater and its eminent director, Konstantin Stanislavsky. The enduring popularity of the play, however, is less important than its historical position in the evolution of the Russian theater, since Turgenev’s contribution anticipated the psychological realism and rather actionless plots of Anton Chekhov’s later dramas.
Two of Turgenev’s strong points are especially related to what has come to be known as the Chekhovian ambience. One is style; the other is characterization. Because Turgenev was a poet, his residual poetic talents later manifested themselves in the lyrical style that marks both his prose and his drama. The delicate grace of his style in treating nature and love—the incident in the raspberry patch, for instance—anticipates such typically Chekhovian settings as are found in Dyadya Vanya (pb. 1897, pr. 1899; Uncle Vanya, 1914) and Vishnyovy sad (pr., pb. 1904; The Cherry Orchard,...
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