Mona Van Duyn

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Last Updated on May 7, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 69

What caused Mona Van Duyn to object to the adjective “domestic” in critics’ references to her writing?

What indications of independence mark Van Duyn’s traditional verse forms?

Consider Letters from a Father as an example of successful artistic compression of a life process.

What does Van Duyn have to say about the nature of love?

What makes “The Stream” an effective metaphor for conveying her theme of love?

Other literary forms

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Last Updated on May 7, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 32

Two short stories by Mona Van Duyn (van DINE) were published in Kenyon Review in the 1940’s. She also published reviews and criticism in College English, American Prefaces, and many literary magazines.


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One of the few modern poets who succeeded in incorporating a contemporary sensibility within tight and traditional forms, Mona Van Duyn did not receive appropriate recognition until 1971, when she won the Bollingen Prize for Poetry and To See, To Take received the National Book Award. She had, however, won several prizes previous to those—the Eunice Tietjens Award, the Harriet Monroe Award from Poetry, the Helen Bullis Award from Poetry Northwest, the Hart Crane Memorial Award from American Weave Press, and first prize in the Borestone Mountain Awards Volume of 1968. She was one of the first five American poets to be awarded a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts. In 1972-1973, she held a Guggenheim Fellowship. She received the Russell Loines Award from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters in 1976, the Academy of American Poets Fellowship in 1980, the Shelley Memorial Award in 1987, the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize in 1989, and the Pulitzer Prize in 1991 for Near Changes. She became a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1983 and served as chancellor for the Academy of American Poets from 1985 to 1998. She received honorary doctorates from Washington University, Cornell College, the University of Northern Iowa, the University of the South, George Washington University, and Georgetown University. She was named poet laureate consultant in poetry to the Library of Congress for 1992-1993.

Van Duyn published steadily after the appearance of her first collection, Valentines to the Wide World, in 1959. Her work has been praised by fellow poets as diverse as Carolyn Kizer, Richard Howard, Maxine Kumin, James Dickey, Alfred Corn, and Howard Nemerov. Critic David Kalstone spoke of her work as manifesting “a whole life grasped, in the most urgent and rewarding sense of the word.” She achieved her effects by hard work, revising each poem extensively. “What I try to do,” she stated, “is move readers’ minds and feelings simultaneously with a structure which is intense and formal. If beauty means integrity, then a poem should be beautiful.”


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Burns, Michael, ed. Discovery and Reminiscence: Essays on the Poetry of Mona Van Duyn. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1998. Contains tributes by fellow poets, critical and interpretative essays, biographical notes, and “Matters of Poetry,” the revised text of Van Duyn’s 1993 lecture at the Library of Congress.

Grim, Jessica. Review of Near Changes: Poems, by Mona Van Duyn. Library Journal 115 (March 15, 1990): 94. Grim calls Van Duyn’s collection “reflective in a refreshingly straightforward way.” Grim affirms that Van Duyn continues to address domestic themes, from the deep love developed through a long marriage to a trip to the grocery store.

Hall, Judith. “Strangers May Run: The Nation’s First Woman Poet Laureate.” The Antioch Review 52, no. 1 (Winter, 1994): 141. Hall examines Van Duyn’s work in an effort to discover why she was the first woman to be appointed poet laureate of the United States.

Jones, Daniel, and John D. Jorgenson, eds. “Mona Van Duyn.” Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series, Vol. 60. Detroit: Gale Research, 1998. Contains a short résumé of Van Duyn’s career, as well as the author’s analysis of her own work.

Prunty, Wyatt. “Fallen from the Symboled World”: Precedents for the New Formalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. In this work on American poetry in the twentieth century, Prunty discusses Van Duyn in the chapter “Pattern of Similitude.”

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Critical Essays