Modern French Literature Criticism: Modern French Poetry - Essay

Anna Balakian (essay date 1984)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Balakian, Anna. “From Mallarmé to Breton: Continuity and Discontinuity in the Poetics of Ambiguity.” In Writing in a Modern Temper: Essays on French Literature and Thought in Honor of Henri Peyre, edited by Mary Ann Caws, pp. 118-34. Saratoga, CA: Amna Libri, 1984.

[In the following essay, Balakian traces the path of modern French poetry with an examination of the works of Stéphane Mallarmé and André Breton.]

Separated by half a century, Stéphane Mallarmé and André Breton follow each other like two milestones on the path of modern poetics, and their roles as heads of literary schools, symbolism and surrealism, invite comparison. Their positions as...

(The entire section is 7627 words.)

Michael Bishop (essay date 1985)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Bishop, Michael. “Yves Bonnefoy.” In The Contemporary Poetry of France: Eight Studies, pp. 117-36. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1985.

[In the following essay, Bishop presents an overview of Bonnefoy's poetry, characterizing the poet as one of the most influential in modern French letters.]

Les mots comme le ciel
Mais tout entier soudain dans la flaque brêve(1)

From the publication in 1953 of his first major collection of poetry, Du mouvement et de l'immobilité de Douve, Yves Bonnefoy has exercised a fascination and influence in the realm of French letters that, having steadily grown, may now be said to have reached their point of full...

(The entire section is 9695 words.)