Modern French Literature Criticism: Gender Issues And French Women Writers - Essay

Adele King (essay date 1989)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: King, Adele. “Nathalie Sarraute.” In French Women Novelists: Defining a Female Style, pp. 85-107. London: Macmillan, 1989.

[In the following essay, King examines the works of Nathalie Sarraute, noting that the writer did not associate her strong sense of political feminism with her work.]

When I write, I am neither man nor woman, cat nor dog. I am not me. … I don't exist.

(Rykiel, 1984, p. 40)

I have never understood how some writers can display their life as they do. … What counts is the books.

(Saporta, 1984, p. 23)


(The entire section is 9634 words.)

Adele King (essay date 1989)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: King, Adele. “Marguerite Duras.” In French Women Novelists: Defining a Female Style, pp. 134-63. London: Macmillan, 1989.

[In the following essay, King presents an overview of Duras's writing, focusing mainly on her novels.]

Woman is desire. … We don't write at all from the same place as men. And when women don't write in the space of desire, they don't write.

(Duras, 1977, p. 102)

Of all twentieth-century French women writers, it is Marguerite Duras who is most often cited as an example of a feminine author.1 Hélène Cixous, for instance, does not see Nathalie Sarraute...

(The entire section is 13021 words.)

Elizabeth Fallaize (essay date 1990)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Fallaize, Elizabeth. “Resisting Romance: Simone de Beauvoir, ‘The Woman Destroyed’ and the Romance Script.” In Contemporary French Fiction by Women: Feminist Perspectives, edited by Margaret Atack and Phil Powrie, pp. 15-25. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 1990.

[In the following essay, Fallaize examines de Beauvoir's ideology of romance in the context of The Woman Destroyed.]

The feminist credentials of Simone de Beauvoir's fictional texts are sometimes assumed to be guaranteed by the fact that their author also produced The Second Sex, and indeed Beauvoir's fiction is most usually read against her essays (or Sartre's)....

(The entire section is 4599 words.)

Elizabeth A. Houlding (essay date 1997)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Houlding, Elizabeth A. “‘L'Envers de la guerre’: The Occupation of Violette Leduc.” In Gender and Fascism in Modern France, edited by Melanie Hawthorne and Richard J. Golsan, pp. 83-100. Hanover, England: University Press of New England, 1997.

[In the following essay, Houlding examines feminine and gender issues occupying French intellectuals during the war years based on an examination of Violette Leduc's La Bâtarde.]

At night I dreamed that the war was over, that the people with real ability had returned, that I was scurrying like a mangy dog to the refuge of an unemployment bureau. I would wake up soaked with sweat, convince...

(The entire section is 10325 words.)