What are Miss Brill's age, circumstances, and reasons for eavesdropping?

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Readers don't know exactly how old Miss Brill is. However, it would appear that she's middle-aged. She lives in Paris, where she teaches English. She listens in on conversations because she wants to use them as material for the little dramas that she concocts in her mind.

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Judging by her demeanor and appearance, it's probably fair to say that Miss Brill is a middle-aged lady. Though her precise age is never given to us, it's a reasonable assumption that she's a woman of a certain age. Our initial assumptions are confirmed by the cruel remark made about her towards the end of the story by the young man in the park, who somewhat ungallantly refers to Miss Brill as a “silly old mug”.

As for Miss Brill's circumstances, we know a good deal more. She lives alone in a small apartment near the Jardins Publiques in Paris. She goes to the Jardins every Sunday, where she listens to the band and indulges in a spot of people watching. Miss Brill teaches English, and we know this because we are told that she's rather shy about telling her pupils how she spends her Sunday afternoons.

Miss Brill eavesdrops on other people's conversations for two reasons. First and foremost, she does this because she's incredibly lonely and doesn't appear to have anyone in her life. She lives alone in the small apartment and goes to the Jardins Publiques on Sundays without anyone accompanying her. One gets the impression that listening in to people's conversations is about as near as Miss Brill gets to meaningful human interaction in an average week.

The second reason for Miss Brill's eavesdropping is that she uses it as the basis for constructing a fantasy world in which she and the other people in the park are part of a gigantic human drama. Miss Brill is the playwright, director, and star of this drama, which makes it all the more difficult for her to handle the hurtful and insensitive remarks of the young couple.

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Miss Brill is an older, single woman living in France. She is very poor, eking out an existence teaching English to French pupils and reading to an old, invalid man.

Miss Brill lives a tiny, dark room. She spends every Sunday in the Jardins Publiques because she can go there for free. It gets her out of being all alone in her stuffy room. She can sit on a bench, watch the people go by, listen to conversations, and hear the band play. Being there gives her a sense of belonging.

Miss Brill listens in on conversations because she is so lonely and isolated. She doesn't appear to have any friends. She must have once been more prosperous, because she has her ancient fox fur and enough education to be a teacher, but has now fallen on hard times.

The story shows the fate of a poor, isolated, elderly single woman who is trying to keep up a brave front but finds it increasingly difficult to do so.

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Miss Brill is likely fairly elderly.  She seems not to be in the best of health, as after walking to the park, "She felt a tingling in her hands and arms [...]."  This is not a typical sensation one has after a leisurely walk; it sounds a lot like neuropathy, a condition associated with the elderly.  Moreover, when the young couple sit down next to her, the boy calls her a "stupid old thing" and expresses his wish that she would "keep her silly old mug at home."  The commonality between these two comments is the word "old."  Earlier, Miss Brill had come to a realization as she looked around at people in the park: "They were odd, silent, nearly all old, and from the way they stared they looked as though they'd just come from dark little rooms or even -- even cupboards!"  Then, at the end of the story, she returns to "the little dark room -- her room like a cupboard."  This similarity in the descriptions of their rooms and her own lets us know that Miss Brill really is old and that she just never realized it until now.

Miss Brill does not have much going on in her life.  She lives alone and only gets out four times a week to read the newspaper to an "old invalid gentleman [...] while he slept in the garden" and once on Sundays to come to the park when the band plays.  The majority of her interior life seems to be imaginary.  She concocts an elaborate fantasy about how everyone at the park is in a play -- herself included -- and that she is actually an important actress.  "No doubt somebody would have noticed if she hadn't been there; she was part of the performance after all."  Perhaps she secretly fears that she wouldn't be missed if she stopped coming, and so she invents a fantasy wherein she plays a vital role.  Further, she looks forward to telling her old invalid gentleman that he is having the newspaper read to him by an actress!

This is, also, the reason she eavesdrops on others' conversations.  There is so little of interest in her own life that "She had become really quite expert, she thought, at listening as though she didn't listen, at sitting in other people's lives just for a minute while they talked round her."  Again, however, she doesn't realize that this is why she eavesdrops, at least not until the very end of the story.  At that point, she hears something crying, and readers realize that it must be her.

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