(Masterpieces of American Literature)

Mildred Pierce is a domestic tragedy in which wife-husband and mother-daughter relationships are perversely confused. Mildred Pierce’s husband, Herbert (or Bert), is not a good provider, and his need in a wife is for maternal solicitude. Mildred is a capable and intelligent woman who suffers an obsession with her daughter, Veda, which she thinks is mother love. Veda is a talented coloratura soprano whose obsession is herself. Bert deserts his family for a woman who is a mother figure. Mildred, thrown upon her own resources, becomes a successful entrepreneur in the restaurant business and finances her daughter’s musical education, which leads to a bright career. When Veda, constantly betraying her mother, finally deserts her, Mildred is crushed, having lost her unconsciously desired love mate. Cain handles the incest motif more subtly, or perhaps more covertly, and decidedly more effectively here than he does in The Butterfly, published six years later. The novel concludes with Mildred and Bert reunited.

The transformation of Mildred from a mother who would be wife to her daughter to a wife who resigns herself to mothering her husband is signaled in two keynote episodes. The first is the one in which Mildred learns that Veda is pregnant. Her immediate reaction is neither maternal protectiveness nor the murderous anger that Bert will feel toward the man responsible, but a fierce “jealousy . . . so overwhelming that Mildred actually...

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(Masterpieces of American Literature)

Cain, James M. “An Interview with James M. Cain.” Interview by John Carr. The Armchair Detective 16, no. 1 (1973): 4-21.

Fine, Richard. James M. Cain and the American Authors’ Authority. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992.

Forter, Gregory. “Double Cain.” Novel 29 (Spring, 1996): 277-298.

Hoopes, Roy. Cain. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1982.

Hoopes, Roy. Our Man in Washington. New York: Forge, 2000.

Madden, David. Cain’s Craft. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1985.

Madden, David. James M. Cain. New York: Twayne, 1970.

Marling, William. The American Roman Noir: Hammett, Cain, and Chandler. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.

Nyman, Jopi. Hard-Boiled Fiction and Dark Romanticism. New York: Peter Lang, 1998.

Skenazy, Paul. James M. Cain. New York: Continuum, 1989.