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A Midsummer Night's Dream

by William Shakespeare

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What happens to Hermia if she doesn't marry Demetrius in A Midsummer Night's Dream?

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In the opening scene, Egeus goes before Duke Theseus to petition him to grant "the ancient privilege of Athens" (I.i.42). According to ancient law, if a daughter disobeyed her father in any way, the father had the right to either kill her or send her to a convent. Therefore, Egeus is asking Theseus for the right to either execute Hermia or send her to a convent should she continue to refuse to marry Demetrius.

However, it is interesting to note that while sending her to a convent is an option, Egeus actually asks permission to "dispose" of Hermia, either through marriage to Demetrius or through her death. In other words, Egeus has decided to ignore the more humane half of the ancient law and to ask for her to be put to death instead, as we see in his lines:

As she is mine, I may dispose of her;
Which shall be either to this gentleman
Or to her death, according to our law. (43-45)

Regardless, Theseus softens the decree, and when Hermia asks what would happen to her if she still refuses to marry Demetrius, Theseus still includes the option of sending her to a convent in the potential decree, as we see in his lines, "Either to die the death, or to adjure / For ever the society of men" (67-68). This shows us that even though Egeus is demanding Hermia's death, as the ruler, he may decide to take the more humane approach and decide to have her put in a convent instead, should she continue to disobey her father.

Hence, we see that Hermia's fate, if she refuses to marry Demetrius, will either be early death, or life in a convent.

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In Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, what will be Hermia's fate if she refuses to marry Demetrius?

In Shakespeare's time, daughters were either ruled by their fathers or their husbands. At the beginning of A Midsummer Night's Dream, the audience finds Hermia standing before the Duke because she does not want to obey her father and marry Demetrius. In fact, she wants to marry Lysander instead. When she counsels with the Duke, he informs her that if she doesn't marry Demetrius like her father wants, then she either needs to go to a convent and become a nun or suffer the punishment of death.  After Hermia asks what she is to do, Theseus says it this way, "Either to die the death or to abjure/ For ever the society of men" (I.i.67-68). Either way, Hermia will not get what she wants (to marry Lysander) if she decides to obey or disobey her father.

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