Historical Context

(Novels for Students)

Hundreds of Muslim refugees crowd atop a train leaving New Delhi for Pakistan on the day when British India was divided up into officially Muslim Pakistan and mostly Hindu India, September, 1947 Published by Gale Cengage

Indian Independence

European interest in India as a source for materials and labor goes back to the 1490s, when...

(The entire section is 931 words.)

Literary Style

(Novels for Students)


Rushdie ends the first book of Midnight's Children with the revelation that the man who has been...

(The entire section is 488 words.)

Literary Techniques

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Reviewers hailed Midnight's Children as a stylistic tour de force and many studies have focused on Rushdie's technical...

(The entire section is 173 words.)

Social Concerns

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Midnight's Children is the story of Saleem Sinai, the thirty-year old narrator of the novel. Born at midnight on August 15, 1947, the...

(The entire section is 771 words.)

Bibliography and Further Reading

(Novels for Students)


Birnbaum, Phyllis, Review of Midnight's Children, in Saturday Review, March 1981, p. 72.


(The entire section is 367 words.)


(Critical Guide to British Fiction)

Cunningham, Valentine. “Nosing out the Indian Reality,” in The Times Literary Supplement. XV (May 15, 1981), p. 535.

Narayan, Shyamala. “Midnight’s Children,” in The Literary Criterion. XVIII, no. 3 (1983), pp. 23-32.

Towers, Robert. “On the Indian World Mountain,” in The New York Review of Books. XXVIII (September 24, 1981), pp. 28-30.

(The entire section is 46 words.)

Compare and Contrast

(Novels for Students)

  • 1950s: Newly freed from colonial rule, India has a poor but promising economy. Indian businessmen, taking control of their own...

(The entire section is 279 words.)

Topics for Further Study

(Novels for Students)

  • Saleem Sinai's life is influenced by the fact that he was born at the date and hour of Indian independence. Find out the most significant...

(The entire section is 236 words.)

Literary Precedents

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Even though Midnight's Children is an entirely original work, it is selfconsciously in a distinct narrative tradition which can be...

(The entire section is 233 words.)

Media Adaptations

(Novels for Students)

  • Midnight's Children was adapted for the London stage in 2003. Based on a five-hour script that Rushdie wrote for the BBC which...

(The entire section is 68 words.)

What Do I Read Next?

(Novels for Students)

  • The fantastic elements of this novel remind many critics of Günter Grass's novel The Tin Drum, published in 1959, which tells the...

(The entire section is 265 words.)