Historical Context

Hundreds of Muslim refugees crowd atop a train leaving New Delhi for Pakistan on the day when British India was divided up into officially Muslim Pakistan and mostly Hindu India, September, 1947 Published by Gale Cengage

Indian Independence

European interest in India as a source for materials and labor goes back to the 1490s, when...

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Literary Style


Rushdie ends the first book of Midnight's Children with the revelation that the man who has been...

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Literary Techniques

Reviewers hailed Midnight's Children as a stylistic tour de force and many studies have focused on Rushdie's technical...

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Social Concerns

Midnight's Children is the story of Saleem Sinai, the thirty-year old narrator of the novel. Born at midnight on August 15, 1947, the...

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Bibliography and Further Reading


Birnbaum, Phyllis, Review of Midnight's Children, in Saturday Review, March 1981, p. 72.


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(Critical Guide to British Fiction)

Cunningham, Valentine. “Nosing out the Indian Reality,” in The Times Literary Supplement. XV (May 15, 1981), p. 535.

Narayan, Shyamala. “Midnight’s Children,” in The Literary Criterion. XVIII, no. 3 (1983), pp. 23-32.

Towers, Robert. “On the Indian World Mountain,” in The New York Review of Books. XXVIII (September 24, 1981), pp. 28-30.

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Compare and Contrast

  • 1950s: Newly freed from colonial rule, India has a poor but promising economy. Indian businessmen, taking control of their own...

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Topics for Further Study

  • Saleem Sinai's life is influenced by the fact that he was born at the date and hour of Indian independence. Find out the most significant...

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Literary Precedents

Even though Midnight's Children is an entirely original work, it is selfconsciously in a distinct narrative tradition which can be...

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Media Adaptations

  • Midnight's Children was adapted for the London stage in 2003. Based on a five-hour script that Rushdie wrote for the BBC which...

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What Do I Read Next?

  • The fantastic elements of this novel remind many critics of Günter Grass's novel The Tin Drum, published in 1959, which tells the...

(The entire section is 265 words.)