The Middle Colonies

Start Free Trial

What was the culture of the Middle Colonies?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The middle colonies of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware were diverse in terms of religion and ethnicity. The colonists that settled throughout the Middle Colonies came from many places and included the English, Swedish, Dutch, Germans, Scots-Irish, and French. The area was also inhabited by Native American tribes and African slaves. With the ethnic diversity, there was not a dominant religion. Christian denominations like Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians could all be found. The area was tolerant of different religions and cultures because of the variety that existed.

Throughout the Middle Colonies, there was also a variety of trades available for the colonists. Most were farmers of small farms, which flourished due to the fertile soil and a temperate climate. The Middle Colonies became a large exporter of crops like wheat and grain, and Philadelphia and New York became major ports for trading. Industries like lumber, shipbuilding, textiles, and iron were also successful throughout the Middle Colonies. Since they operated on a free market economy, the colonists could become skilled in the trades they excelled in and thought would generate the most income.

See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access
Approved by eNotes Editorial