Other Literary Forms
Michael Frayn began his career as a reporter and columnist for the Manchester Guardian (1957-1962) and The Observer (1962-1968). Frayn has published several collections of these largely satirical newspaper columns and returned briefly to writing a column in 1994. Frayn has also written several novels. He has translated and adapted several plays by Leo Tolstoy, Jean Anouilh, and Anton Chekhov. Frayn’s 1983 adaptation of Chekhov’s Tri sestry (pr., pb. 1901, rev. pb. 1904; The Three Sisters, 1920) received especially favorable notice. Frayn has written numerous documentaries and original scripts for television and became a motion picture screenwriter with Clockwise in 1986. In 2001 Frayn published The Copenhagen Papers: An Intrigue, a short nonfiction work concerning a mysterious bundle of papers he received during the production of Copenhagen that may have resolved the mysteries at the play’s core.