The Metamorphosis Ideas for Group Discussions
by Franz Kafka

The Metamorphosis book cover
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Ideas for Group Discussions

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Because the world of Kafka's fiction is so bizarre it usually provokes a reaction in his readers. If nothing else, The Metamorphosis prompts a series of questions about how literally we are to take Gregor Samsa's transformation. Is he really an insect? Are we to read his change metaphorically? What is the symbolism imbedded in his vermin-like body? In addition the story explores a number of painful questions about family relationships, and Gregor's rather oppressive home life is extended to include the overly formalized social and moral atmosphere created within the late Hapsburg Empire, a venerable collection of states and ethnic groups which was collapsing toward its final dissolution during the First World War.

Kafka is regarded as the pre-eminent writer of twentieth century modernism with all of the alienation, angst, and dislocation that modern life seemed to suggest for European writers born in the nineteenth century. His stories, for all of their odd trappings, are always about the effects on human beings of the loss of belief systems brought about by the rapid social and economic changes characteristic of our modern world.

1. How literally can we understand Gregor Samsa's transformation to be? What does it mean to be changed into an insect?

2. The German word which is sometimes translated as a "cockroach" or "insect" actually is more properly rendered in English as "vermin." What sorts of changes does this more literal translation do to our reading of the story?

3. In what ways does Kafka's mater-of-fact literary style affect our reading of this otherwise horrific tale of transformation?

4. Discuss the place of the family in this story.

5. How effective is Kafka in rendering Gregor's changes? Is he able to capture what it must feel like to be trapped in an...

(The entire section is 443 words.)