The Metamorphoses of Ovid Book XII: Questions and Answers

Ovid

Book XII: Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. Where did the Greek forces assemble before sailing for Troy?

2. What was the bad omen interpreted by Calchas?

3. What was the explanation of the invulnerability of Cygnus?

4. How does Nestor know all the details of the Battle of the Centaurs?

5. How did the other centaurs respond when Eurytus attacked the bride?

6. What happened to Phorbas, who lay, drunk and asleep, during the battle?

7. Why does Peleus appear so often in Nestor’s tale?

8. What makes the death of Cyllarus and Hylonome so poignant?

9. Why did Neptune and Apollo conspire to make Paris the killer of Achilles?

10. What is meant by: “the same god armed and consumed” Achilles?

Answers
1. The Greek forces assembled at Aulis.

2. The bad omen was that a serpent ate a bird with its eight fledglings.

3. Cygnus was invulnerable because his father was the god Neptune.

4. Nestor was present at the wedding of Pirithous and Hippodame.

5. Once the bride was attacked, most of the other centaurs joined in the mêlée.

6. The sleeping Phorbas was also slain.

7. Nestor flatters Achilles with tales of his father’s deeds.

8. The death of Cyllarus and Hylonome is a poignant “love death” of innocents.

9. Neptune and Apollo wanted to humiliate the Greeks.

10. Achilles’ armor was made by the god Vulcan, smith of the gods; now he burns his dead body.