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Last Updated on July 29, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 116

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Research how artificial languages are created and function. Discuss Ptydepe, the artificial language in The Memorandum, in these terms.

Research the economic implications of Sovietstyle communism on Eastern Europe. Why did this economic system create such an expansive bureaucracy? What were the psychological effects on the people who worked?

Research the ideas behind the Theater of the Absurd, perhaps through the writings of Albert Camus or Martin Esslin. Is The Memorandum a true example of Absurdist theater? Discus your theory in detail.

Compare and contrast Maria, the secretary in The Memorandum with her counterpart in Havel’s earlier play, The Garden Party. How does Havel depict these women? How do they react to their similar situations?


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