Historical Context

Stein saw herself as spanning the two centuries in which she lived; she felt ties to the values, often conflicting, that characterized both...

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Literary Style

When Gertrude Stein composed ‘‘Melanctha’’ in 1905, the twentieth-century upheaval in literature known as...

(The entire section is 907 words.)

Bibliography and Further Reading

Bridgman, Richard. Gertrude Stein in Pieces, London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.


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(Masterpieces of American Literature)

Bloom, Harold, ed. Modern Critical Views: Gertrude Stein. New York: Chelsea House, 1986.

Bowers, Jane Palatini. Gertrude Stein. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993.

Brinnin, John Malcom. The Third Rose: Gertrude Stein and Her World. Boston: Little, Brown, 1959.

Curnutt, Kirk, ed. The Critical Response to Gertrude Stein. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.

DeKoven, Marianne. A Different Language: Gertrude Stein’s Experimental Writing. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983.

Dubnick, Randa. The...

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Compare and Contrast

Early 1900s: Many writers rely on funding from patrons (wealthy individuals who support the arts) so that they can devote their full...

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Topics for Further Study

Rose Johnson figures very prominently at the beginning of the story and at the end, although she is largely absent from the center. Looking...

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What Do I Read Next?

In A Moveable Feast (1964), Stein’s friend and fellow-novelist Ernest Hemingway describes the Paris world in which both artists...

(The entire section is 283 words.)