Historical Context

(Short Stories for Students)

Stein saw herself as spanning the two centuries in which she lived; she felt ties to the values, often conflicting, that characterized both...

(The entire section is 727 words.)

Literary Style

(Short Stories for Students)

When Gertrude Stein composed ‘‘Melanctha’’ in 1905, the twentieth-century upheaval in literature known as...

(The entire section is 907 words.)

Bibliography and Further Reading

(Short Stories for Students)

Bridgman, Richard. Gertrude Stein in Pieces, London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.


(The entire section is 187 words.)


(Masterpieces of American Literature)

Bloom, Harold, ed. Modern Critical Views: Gertrude Stein. New York: Chelsea House, 1986.

Bowers, Jane Palatini. Gertrude Stein. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993.

Brinnin, John Malcom. The Third Rose: Gertrude Stein and Her World. Boston: Little, Brown, 1959.

Curnutt, Kirk, ed. The Critical Response to Gertrude Stein. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000.

DeKoven, Marianne. A Different Language: Gertrude Stein’s Experimental Writing. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983.

Dubnick, Randa. The Structure of Obscurity: Gertrude Stein, Language, and Cubism. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1984.

Dydo, Ulla E. Gertrude Stein: The Language That Rises: 1923-1934. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 2003.

Hoffman, Michael J. Gertrude Stein. Boston: Twayne, 1976.

Kellner, Bruce, ed. A Gertrude Stein Companion. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.

Knapp, Bettina. Gertrude Stein. New York: Continuum, 1990.

Pierpont, Claudia Roth. Passionate Minds: Women Rewriting the World. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.

Ruddick, Lisa. Reading Gertrude Stein: Body, Text, Gnosis. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1990.

Simon, Linda. Gertrude Stein Remembered. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.

Watson, Dana Cairns. Gertrude Stein and the Essence of What Happens. Nashville, Tenn.: Vanderbilt University Press, 2005.

Will, Barbara. Gertrude Stein, Modernism, and the Problem of “Genius.” Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.

Compare and Contrast

(Short Stories for Students)

Early 1900s: Many writers rely on funding from patrons (wealthy individuals who support the arts) so that they can devote their full...

(The entire section is 115 words.)

Topics for Further Study

(Short Stories for Students)

Rose Johnson figures very prominently at the beginning of the story and at the end, although she is largely absent from the center. Looking...

(The entire section is 383 words.)

What Do I Read Next?

(Short Stories for Students)

In A Moveable Feast (1964), Stein’s friend and fellow-novelist Ernest Hemingway describes the Paris world in which both artists...

(The entire section is 283 words.)