Matthew Arnold Additional Biography


(British and Irish Poetry, Revised Edition)

Matthew Arnold, born on Christmas Eve, 1822, at Laleham, England, was the second child and eldest son of five boys and four girls in the family of Thomas Arnold and Mary Penrose Arnold. At the time of the poet’s birth, his father, a graduate of Oxford, was performing his duties as master at the school in Laleham, preparing himself intellectually and professionally for his appointment in 1828 as headmaster of Rugby, where he set about reforming the narrowly classical curriculum to include emphasis on language, history, and mathematics and to reflect his “broad church” liberalism, while insisting that his students maintain his own high standards of discipline and moral conduct. Though his reformist views on both church and...

(The entire section is 445 words.)


(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

ph_0111201515-Arnold.jpg Matthew Arnold Published by Salem Press, Inc.

Matthew Arnold was born in Laleham, England, on Christmas Eve, 1822, the second child and first son of Dr. Thomas and Mary Penrose Arnold. In December, 1827, Thomas Arnold was elected headmaster of Rugby School, where the family began residence in August, 1828. It was the beginning of an auspicious career for Thomas Arnold, who would distinguish himself as the foremost educational reformer of the English public school. In addition to a general enhancing of academic quality, Dr. Arnold’s reforms for his new students specifically included the introduction of modern languages and mathematics into the center of the curriculum, the fostering of a higher moral tone, and the inculcation of a greater sense of social responsibility among...

(The entire section is 881 words.)


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Matthew Arnold—poet, educator, and literary and social critic—was born at Laleham-on-Thames in Surrey on December 24, 1822, the second child and eldest son of Mary Penrose Arnold and the Reverend Thomas Arnold, the famous headmaster. His godfather was John Keble, a future leader of the Oxford Movement. In 1828 Matthew’s father became the headmaster of Rugby School. At Rugby Dr. Arnold brought about important changes in English education, not by spectacular reforms but rather through the force of his character and example, both of which affected his son profoundly. Instilling in his students religious and moral principles, gentlemanly conduct, and intellectual competence, Dr. Arnold transformed Rugby into a place of Christian...

(The entire section is 1075 words.)