Other literary forms

(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

A prolific writer, Maryse Condé (kohn-DAY) has published extensively in many genres. She has edited collections of francophone writings from former French colonies in Africa and the Caribbean, and has written plays, one of which was produced in France in 1974 and in New York in English in 1991. She has published works of literary criticism, including a book about women novelists in the French Caribbean, as well as collections of short stories, books for children, and a childhood memoir. She also has written articles for journals and other periodicals.


(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

Maryse Condé’s books have been translated into six languages. She has won numerous awards, including the grand prix de la Femme and the Prix Alain Boucheron in 1986 for I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem; the Anaïs Nin Prize from the French Academy for Tree of Life in 1988; and the Prix Carbet de la Caraibe in 1997 for Desirada. She was the first woman to receive the University of Oklahoma’s Puterbaugh Fellowship, and in 1999 she won a Lifetime Achievement Award from New York University’s Africana Studies Program and Institute of African-American Affairs. In France, she was appointed Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters (2001), Chevalier of the Legion of Honor (2003), and Commander of the National Order of Merit (2007). The two volumes of the Segu series have been best sellers, the first being a selection of the French Le Livre du Mois (book-of-the-month club). Condé has honorary degrees from Occidental College, Lehman College of the City University of New York, and the University of the West Indies at Cave Hill in Barbados.


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Adesamni, Pius. “Anti-manichean Aesthetics: The Economy of Space in Maryse Condé’s Crossing the Mangrove and Calixthe Beyala’s Loukoum.” English in Africa 29 (May, 2002): 73-83. Examines the effects of feminism and perceptions of space in the novels.

Alexander, Simone A. James. Mother Imagery in the Novels of Afro-Caribbean Women. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2001. Focuses on the novels of Condé, Jamaica Kincaid, and Paule Marshall.

Bernstein, Lisa. “Demythifying the Witch’s Identity as Social Critique in Maryse Condé’s I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem.” Social Identities 3 (February, 1997): 77-89. Discusses the way in which Condé reconstructs the figure of the witch to provide an alternative female Caribbean social and cultural identity.

Callaloo 18 (Summer, 1995). The entire issue is dedicated to Condé, with fifteen critical essays and an interview.

Frederick, Patricia. “In Search of a Mère-Patrie: The Forgotten Mother in the Works of Djura and Maryse Condé.” International Journal of Francophone Studies 4, no. 2 (2001): 116-123. Starting from the feminist theories of Luce Irigaray, studies the way these two African women artists explore the quest for the forgotten mother that is intimately tied to a search for a homeland.

Kemedijo, Cilas. “The Curse of Writing: Genealogical Strata of Disillusion: Orality, Islam-Writing, and Identities in the State of Becoming in Maryse Condé’s Segou.” Research in African Literatures 27 (Winter, 1996): 124-143. Discusses Condé’s representation of writing as a colonialist and imperialist concept that wipes out oral tradition, thereby subjecting people to guilt and loss of identity.

Suk, Jeannie. Postcolonial Paradoxes in French Caribbean Writing: Césaire, Glissant, Condé. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. Suk addresses one of the major concerns of Condé’s writing in this comparative study.