Mary Astell

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Perry, Ruth. The Celebrated Mary Astell: An Early English Feminist. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1986, 549 p.

Critical biography of Astell, including numerous examples of her correspondence.


Springborg, Patricia. “Mary Astell (1666-1731), Critic of Locke.” American Political Science Review 89, No. 3 (September 1995): 621-33.

Argues that Astell was the first to offer a systematic critique of John Locke and anticipated modern criticism of liberalism.

Squadrito, Kathleen M. “Mary Astell's Critique of Locke's View of Thinking Matter.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 25, No. 3 (July 1987): 433-39.

Interprets Astell's critique of Locke, primarily focusing on Astell's The Christian Religion.

Stephens, Kate. “Forerunners of Women's Collegiate Education: And Mary Astell.” In Workfellows in Social Progression, pp. 83-167. New York: Sturgis & Walton Company, 1916.

Places Astell's ideas for women's education in the context of the history of English debates on the matter.

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