Grimm, Harold J. The Reformation Era: 1500–1600. New York: Macmillan, 1966, 703 p.
Contains an extensive bibliographic essay and survey of the literature on Luther and Reformation scholarship.
Bainton, Ronald H. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther. New York: Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, 1950, 422 p.
Important biography spanning Luther's entire life, by a leading Luther scholar.
Brecht, Martin. Martin Luther: His Road to Reformation 1483–1521, translated by James L. Schaaf. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985, 557 p.
Biography of young Luther utilizing recent scholarship in specialized fields of historical research.
Brendler, Gerhard. Martin Luther: Theology and Revolution, translated by Claude R. Foster, Jr. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991, 383 p.
Biography of Luther that emphasizes his historical context—"the first revolution in German history"—and posits that "he thought like a theologian and acted as an intellectual in a princely dukedom."
Lohse, Bernard. Martin Luther: An Introduction to His Life and Work, translated by Robert C. Schultz. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1986, 288 p.
Comprehensive introduction to Luther's life and writings that also includes a survey of the interpretation of Luther.
Atkinson, James. The Great Light: Luther and Reformation. Great Britain: Paternoster Press, 1968, 287 p.
Discussses the evangelical dimension of Luther's work, focusing on concurrent theological reform initiatives in Britain and Switzerland, and on the theology of John Calvin.
——. The Trial of Luther. New York: Stein and Day, 1971, 212 p.
Detailed account of Luther's excommunication by Pope Leo X and his appearance before Charles V at the Diet of Worms.
Bagchi, David V. N. Luther's Earliest Opponents: Catholic Controversialists, 1518–1525. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1991, 305 p.
Detailed examination of the Catholic response to Luther's ideas, focusing on the view of Luther as a challenger of church authority.
Davies, Rupert E. The Problem of Authority in the Continental Reformers: A Study in Luther, Zwingli, and Calvin. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1978, 158 p.
Argues that the question of religious authority is at the heart of the Reformation and that Luther' s radical encounter with God made him a rebel rather than a reformer; also discusses why Zwingli and Calvin became rebels.
Edwards, Jr., Mark U. "The Mature Paradigm." In Luther and the False Brethren, pp. 112–26. Stanford: Stanford University press, 1975.
Discusses how Luther compared himself to St. Paul as an apostle engaged in a historical struggle between the "true" and "false" church.
Edwards, Mark, and Tavard, George. Luther: A Reformer for the Churches. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983, 96 p.
Very brief introduction to Luther and his ideas.
Gerrish, B. A. The Old Protestantism and the New: Essays on the Reformation Heritage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982, 422 p.
(The entire section is 629 words.)