(Masterpieces of American Literature)

The main plot of The Marrow of Tradition is based on newspaper and eyewitness accounts of the lynchings that occurred during the election riots in Wilmington, North Carolina, in 1898. Chesnutt added a number of subplots that enabled him to explore a wider range of social issues more thoroughly than the short-story form had permitted. Dr. Miller, a talented black surgeon, and Major Carteret, an aristocratic white supremacist, are somewhat melodramatically brought together when Carteret, having indirectly caused the death of Miller’s child with inflammatory race-baiting editorials that incited riots, calls upon Miller at the end of the book to save the life of his own child. The connection between the two men is ironically underscored by the fact that they are married to half-sisters, one white and one of mixed race. This parallelism of characters from opposite sides of the color line is echoed within the black community by the paralleling of the middle-class, moderate Miller with Josh Green, a militant black laborer.

Miller seems to represent an effort on Chesnutt’s part to find a middle ground that will avoid the extremism of either Green or Carteret. Miller refuses to lead the black community in what he correctly perceives as a hopeless attempt at armed defense against the white lynch mob; at the end of the book, he agrees to help Carteret’s child. Dr. Evans, a youthful white physician who lacks Miller’s expertise and is himself...

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(Masterpieces of American Literature)

Duncan, Charles. The Absent Man: The Narrative Craft of Charles W. Chesnutt. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1998.

Kulii, Elon A. “Poetic License and Chesnutt’s Use of Folklore.” CLA Journal 38 (December, 1994): 247-253.

Lehman, Cynthia L. “The Social and Political View of Charles Chesnutt: Reflections on His Major Writings.” Journal of Black Studies 26 (January, 1996).

McElrath, Joseph R., Jr., ed. Critical Essays on Charles W. Chesnutt. New York: G. K. Hall, 1999.

McFatter, Susan. “From Revenge to Resolution: The (R)evolution of Female Characters in Chesnutt’s Fiction.” CLA Journal 42 (December, 1998): 194-211.

McWilliams, Dean. Charles W. Chesnutt and the Fictions of Race. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2002.

Pickens, Ernestine Williams. Charles W. Chesnutt and the Progressive Movement. New York: Pace University Press, 1994.

Render, Sylvia Lyons. Charles W. Chesnutt. Boston: Twayne, 1980.

Wilson, Matthew. Whiteness in the Novels of Charles W. Chesnutt. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2004.

Wonham, Henry B. Charles W. Chesnutt: A Study of the Short Fiction. New York: Twayne, 1998.