The Market Revolution, Industrialization, and New Technologies

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What were three advantages of the telegraph?

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The telegraph revolutionized the sending and receiving of messages. Prior to the development of the telegraph, messages were sent through techniques such as the use of smoke signals and drumbeats. In other civilizations, horses and messengers were sent to deliver letters. These messengers were exposed to long and treacherous journeys to and from their destination. These methods were limited by different physical and environmental factors. The introduction of the telegraph helped address these challenges.

The telegraph only required that the signal lines remain connected. Thus, compared to messengers and smoke signals, which were affected by the weather, the telegraph was a more reliable mode of communication.

The telegraph allowed for communications over long distances. The technology connected different areas and regions, and geographical movement was not required to send or receive messages. It allowed for the interconnection of towns, which served as stations, and enabled the system to cover a wider area.

The telegraph made it faster to send short messages. For instance, people in distress and seeking help would punch in the short distress code, and the message would be immediately received by the target miles away.

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A telegraph is the technology of sending electric signals through wires.  It revolutionized communication in the Nineteenth Century.  The first obvious change is that communication was made more efficient.  Before the telegraph, it could take weeks for a message to be sent from one part of the country to another. With the telegraph, messages could be sent instantly.  The telegraph altered the nature of commerce and politics.  Prior to the telegraph, business and politics were conducted on a regional basis.  Because messages could be delivered quicker, these entities expanded to become national and international entities.  The telegraph had the ability to make the world a smaller place.  The telegraph also had a tremendous impact on warfare because messages could be sent from the battlefield to command centers which ultimately improved war planning and strategy.  Even the President could receive instant messages from generals and other military personnel. 

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