Other literary forms
Apart from his long fiction, Mariano Azuela (ahs-WAY-lah) also tried his hand at theater and biography. He wrote three plays, Los de abajo, a dramatization of the novel of the same title that had its premiere in 1929; Del Llano Hermanos, S. en C., based on Los caciques and staged in 1936; and El búho en la noche (pb. 1938), based on El desquite, which never reached the stage. He also wrote biographies: Pedro Moreno, el insurgente (1932) and El padre Don Agustín Rivera (1942). All these works were made available in volume 3 of Azuela’s complete works, put out by the Fondo de Cultura Económica in Mexico City in 1960. Some of Azuela’s novels have made their way to the big screen, but it was only the film version of Los de abajo (1940), directed by Chano Ureta, with musical accompaniment by Silvestre Revuelta and camera work by Gabriel Figueroa, which met with any real acclaim.