Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera Criticism - Essay

Nell Walker (essay date 1 April 1927)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Walker, Nell. “Prose.” The University of Missouri Studies: The Life and Works of Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera 2, no. 2 (1 April 1927): 28-46.

[In the following excerpt, Walker offers an overview of Nájera's prose works, including his news items, short stories, sermons, travel essays, and criticism.]

The first volume of Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera's Prose Works contains an introduction by Luis G. Urbina, to which reference has several times been made, and the various articles in this volume are grouped under the following headings:

Cuentos Frágiles.
Cuentos Color de Humo.
Crónicas y Fantasías.
Notas de Viaje.
Humoradas Dominicales....

(The entire section is 10943 words.)

E. K. Mapes (essay date 1937)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Mapes, E. K. “The First Published Writings of Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera.” Hispanic Review 5, no. 3 (1937): 225-40.

[In the following essay, Mapes asserts that scholarship on Nájera has been long-neglected and examines the conflicting evidence regarding Nájera's earliest publications.]

One of the chief handicaps under which technical investigation on the Spanish American Modernist poets has always labored is the lack of genuinely accurate data on biography and chronology. It is for this reason that Raúl Silva Castro's recent book on Rubén Darío1 occupies so important a place in Modernist criticism: it painstakingly verifies every available...

(The entire section is 6566 words.)

Howard M. Fraser (essay date winter 1973)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Fraser, Howard M. “Change is the Unchanging: Washington Irving and Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera.” Journal of Spanish Studies: Twentieth Century 1, no. 3 (winter 1973): 151-9.

[In the following essay, Fraser examines “Rip-Rip,” Nájera's adaptation of Washington Irving's famous story “Rip Van Winkle.”]

Slightly more than half a century ago, the American critic John De Lancey Ferguson observed:

The writers and scholars of the republics to the south have shown an interest in our literature which is certainly far greater than the reciprocal interest which we have shown in theirs, since the latter interest may fairly be...

(The entire section is 3350 words.)

Terry O. Taylor (essay date fall 1973)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Taylor, Terry O. “Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera: Originality and the Question of Literary Borrowings.” Symposium 27, no. 3 (fall 1973): 269-78.

[In the following essay, Taylor answers those critics of Nájera's who claim that the writer's work is derivative and lacks originality.]

The topic of literary relationships in the work of Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera is not new. In fact the question has been pursued to the point where Gutiérrez Nájera is all but denied literary individuality. Justo Sierra, unintentionally I believe, laid the groundwork for exaggeration when he wrote in 1895 that el Duque wrote poetry that consisted of “pensamientos franceses en versos...

(The entire section is 4693 words.)

Henry J. Richards (essay date 1980)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Richards, Henry J. “On the Plot Structure of ‘Rip Van Winkle’ and ‘Rip Rip.’” Romance Notes 21, no. 2 (1980): 138-44.

[In the following essay, Richards applies Propp's principles of fairy tale analysis in comparing Irving's original story to Nájera's adaptation.]

The subject matter of Washington Irving's “Rip Van Winkle” and that of Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera's “Rip Rip” are remarkably similar. No less striking, however, is the following disclaimer uttered by the narrator at the beginning of the Gutiérrez Nájera story: “¿De quién es la leyenda de Rip Rip? Entiendo que la recogió Washington Irving, para darle forma literaria en alguno...

(The entire section is 2232 words.)

Priscilla Pearsall (essay date 1984)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Pearsall, Priscilla. “Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera: Modernity and the Destruction of the Romantic ‘Angel Consoladora.’” In An Art Alienated from Itself: Studies in Spanish American Modernism, pp. 40-65. University, Miss.: Romance Monographs, 1984.

[In the following excerpt, Pearsall considers Nájera's defense of romanticism and the changing perspectives on life and literature reflected in his poetry.]

In the late summer of 1876, Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera published, in a series of sections, a long article, “El arte y el materialismo,” which is often considered to be the first Modernist manifesto.1 Many of the conflicts about literature which...

(The entire section is 9593 words.)

Randal C. Fulk (essay date fall 1988)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Fulk, Randal C. “Form and Style in the Short Stories of Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera.” Hispanic Journal 10, no. 1 (fall 1988): 127-32.

[In the following essay, Fulk discusses Nájera's short stories as an expression of the refined style and universal themes associated with early Spanish American modernism.]

The refined style the Mexican writer Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera (1859-1895) displays in his collections of short stories Cuentos frágiles (1883) and Cuentos color de humo (1890-1894) gives Nájera the distinction, shared with the Cuban José Martí, of being an initiator of modernism in Spanish American literature. As Ivan A. Schulman notes:...

(The entire section is 2711 words.)

M. A. Loera de la Llave (essay date 2001)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

Loera de la Llave, M. A. “A Modernista's Mode of Amamnesis: Kunstlied, Painting, Opera, and Literature in Manuel Gutiérrez-Nájera.” Iberoromania 53 (2001): 25-44.

[In the following essay, Loera de la Llave discusses Nájera's allusions to contemporary and historical works—including Shakespeare's Hamlet and Schubert's Lied—and how they reflect on Nájera and the modernista movement.]

The varied writings of the modernista Manuel Gutiérrez-Nájera (Mexico, 1859-1895) constitute a highly literary literature that, unassuming and apparently simple, his poetry often dissembles. This comparative study focuses on his creative...

(The entire section is 8881 words.)