Why is Maniac upset for crossing the finish line backwards in the race with Mars Bar in Maniac Magee?

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Maniac is upset with himself for crossing the finish line backwards when racing with Mars Bar because in doing so, he is rubbing his victory in the face of his opponent.  It is bad enough for Mars Bar that he loses to Maniac in a race in which he, Mars Bar, had issued the challenge, but when Maniac crosses the finish line backwards, Mars Bar's loss is accentuated, and he is truly disgraced in front of all his friends.  It's kind of like in baseball, when a person hits a home run and stands there at home plate to admire it while the opposing pitcher stands, embarrassed, on the mound, or in football, when a player makes a touchdown, then slams the ball down and goes into an elaborate dance of victory right there on the field.  Such behavior is not considered to be good sportsmanship, and, at its worst, is insulting to the opposing team.

Maniac had not meant to exhibit unsportsmanlike behavior.  He had simply been caught up in the moment, "feeling...sheer, joyful exuberance, himself in celebration".  Even so, "that didn't make it (an) any less stupid or rotten thing to do".  Maniac holds no ill feeling towards Mars Bar, and he regrets having acted in a way that embarrassed the other boy.  It is true that Mars Bar had been going out of his way to cause trouble for Maniac because, as a white boy, Maniac had dared cross over into the East End of the city, which is inhabited predominantly by black people, but Maniac had still never meant to get back at Mars Bar in this way.  Although there is a moment in which Maniac questions his own motivations, it is generally totally out of character for Maniac to act in a way that is deliberately demeaning to others under any circumstances (Chapter 38).

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When Maniac crossed the finish line backwards, why was Mars Bar embarrassed in Maniac Magee?

I believe that you meant to ask why Mars Bar was embarrassed when Maniac crossed the finish line backwards.  I have changed your question to show this.

Mars Bar was embarrassed when Maniac crossed the finish line backwards because it meant that Maniac had beaten him really badly.  Mars Bar, who had racist feelings towards Maniac, had challenged him to a race.  He felt sure that he could beat Maniac.  But then Maniac beat him by such a great distance that he was able to turn around (without meaning to) and cross the finish line backwards.  This was embarrassing for Mars Bar because he lost the race badly in front of all of his friends.

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In Maniac Magee, why is Maniac upset when with himself when crossing the finish line backwards when racing with Mars Bar?

To really understand why Maniac is upset with himself for crossing the finish line backwards, you really have to understand Mars Bar. Mars Bar is the leader of his neighborhood gang and has been bullying Maniac for some time. He is a big talker, always bragging about himself and putting others down. Mars Bar is notorious in the neighborhood for picking on little kids and adults alike.

On the day the race takes place, Mars Bar is talking trash to Maniac and showing off his new athletic shoes. He challenges Maniac to a race. The whole neighborhood gets into the race. Traffic is blocked on both ends of the street. The audience is composed of mothers, fathers, little kids, and high school students--everyone's there!

As the race begins, Maniac runs slowly. Even though he wants to win, he knows there will be consequences if he does. But as he nears the finish line and sees Mars Bar winning, Maniac's instincts take over and he speeds up, passing Mars Bar and crossing the finish line running backwards. The crowd goes wild; everyone's talking about how Maniac not only beat the neighborhood bully, but beat him running backwards!

Naturally, Mars Bar gets angry. He gets mean. He starts making excuses and blaming others for his loss and shoving people around. Maniac realizes that winning the race was bad enough, but having humiliated Mars Bar in front of the whole neighborhood is going to make things a lot worse for himself.

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