(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

Mr. Cathcart was born on an island. It does not suit him, however, because there are too many other people on it. His life purpose becomes to own an island that he can make into a world of his own. The would-be islander acquires an island, four miles around, with three cottages on it. It has a smaller island lying off it, which also belongs to him. He loves his island, but there is a sinister side to it. It is a timeless world in which the souls of the dead live again, pulsating actively around the living. At night, places and things that seem uncanny in the day become threatening.

To escape such awareness, Cathcart concentrates on the material aspect of the island. He tries to fill it with his own gracious spirit and render it a minute world of pure perfection, made by man himself. He begins by spending money. He brings a housekeeper and butler from the mainland, and installs a bailiff in the farmhouse. He acquires a herd of cows and a yacht. He fills the cottages with tenants, all of whom display a smooth and deferential manner to “the Master.” The Master visits his tenants and is treated almost with adulation, but after he leaves, they have subtle, mocking smiles on their faces. It is doubtful that any of them really likes him, or whether he likes any of them.

At the end of the first year on the island, the bills flood in. Cathcart is shocked at how much money the island has swallowed. He thinks up projects to make the farm more efficient and conveys them to the bailiff, who watches him as if he were a strange, caged animal but does not register any of his suggestions. There is a good harvest and, at the harvest supper, everyone toasts Cathcart, dances, and seems happy. Underneath the gaiety, things are not well. A cow falls over the cliff. The men haul her up the bank and bury her, as no one will eat her meat. This incident is symbolic of the periodic malevolence of the island. More catastrophes happen: A man breaks a leg, a storm drives the yacht on a rock, the pigs get some strange disease, families come to hate each other.

Cathcart begins to fear his island. He feels strange, violent feelings he has never known before. He now knows that his people do not love him. Several of them grow discontented and leave, including...

(The entire section is 926 words.)