(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Just before a Christmas in the late 1930’s, Sheridan Whiteside, a noted radio personality, is invited to dinner at the home of Ernest W. and Daisy Stanley in Mesalia, Ohio. After slipping on ice and claiming to have dislocated his hip, he becomes an intrusive and outrageously demanding houseguest. Since he must use a wheelchair for mobility, he immediately banishes his hosts to the second floor and turns the first-floor living room and library into his personal rooms, threatening the none-too-gracious Mr. Stanley with a lawsuit to intimidate him.

An egotistical tyrant, Whiteside browbeats and manipulates everyone who comes in range. He treats his nurse, Miss Preen, with caustic insult; on others, like Dr. Bradley, he uses self-serving and dissembling flattery. Utterly selfish and shameless, he shows no concern for the feelings of others or any sense of the disruption he causes. At first, it does not seem as if his behavior can have any long-term consequences. Although he is rude to the Stanleys and their neighbors, his demands are manageable: that the Stanleys live on the second floor, keep the mornings quiet, and avoid using the telephone. The Stanleys feel they can put up with the crate of penguins, the cockroach city, and various other oddities delivered to Whiteside at their house. They can even tolerate the steady stream of his outlandish guests, which include inmates from Whiteside’s favorite charity, the Crockfield Home, a halfway house for convicts.

As Christmas approaches, however, Whiteside begins to interfere in the personal lives of the others. Whether his motives in doing so are selfish or merely thoughtless, his interference can have serious and hurtful consequences. One of the first schemes he puts in motion is an effort to seduce the Stanleys’ servants, John and Sarah, into his service. A gourmand, Whiteside appreciates Sarah’s cooking and thinks that John, her husband, might be an acceptable butler. He ignores their loyalty to the Stanleys and cajoles and flatters them without a thought of his hosts. He also begins to give pseudo-paternal advice to the Stanleys’ older children, Richard and...

(The entire section is 876 words.)