Main Street

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Carol Milford, after college and jobs in Chicago and St. Paul, marries a doctor, Will Kennicott, from Gopher Prairie, Minnesota. Shocked by the gritty ugliness of her new home, she envisions a series of projects to make it more beautiful, but each is frustrated by narrow-mindedness, special interests, apathy, or pragmatism. Even her attempts to introduce joyousness, imagination, and culture into the town’s social life are dismissed. She realizes that small-town life, far from being friendly and democratic, fosters tighter caste systems, more rigid conventions, and more prejudice against nonconformists and immigrants than the cities she has left.

In time, she finds her relationship with her husband faltering because she refuses to accept and admire the town as it is. After Will’s attempts to make her happier with plans for a new home and an extended vacation fail, Carol takes their child and escapes to Washington, D. C. There she comes to a new understanding of herself, her marriage, and Gopher Prairie.

Lewis makes his attack on small-town America explicit in his preface. Massive details and recurring imagery underscore his urgent plea that America revitalize its belief in true democracy, personal integrity, and the nourishment of beauty to fulfill its promise. Otherwise, he suggests, America’s hope of building a great civilization will be thwarted; it will become only a standardized, materialistic empire reflecting the worst of Main Street.


Bucco, Martin. Main Street: The Revolt of Carol Kennicott. New York: Twayne, 1993. Focuses on Lewis’ development of his Main Street heroine, especially her unconscious self-perceptions as prairie princess, Carol D’Arc, Lady Bountiful, Mater Dolorosa, Village Intellectual, American Bovary, and Passionate Pilgrim.

Davenport, Garvin F. “Gopher-Prairie-Lake-Wobegon: The Midwest as Mythical Space.” In Sinclair Lewis at One Hundred: Papers Presented at a Centennial Conference. St. Cloud, Minn.: St. Cloud State University, 1985. Creates connection between fictional places and their peoples. Relates them to Yi-Fu Tuan’s theories of the dualities of the fear and possibility of space and the familiarity, comfort, and constrictiveness of place.

Grebstein, Sheldon Norman. Sinclair Lewis. New York: Twayne, 1962. A comparison of Lewis’ works that concludes that Main Street critiques the falseness and shallowness of American life whereas some Lewis novels defend it.

Light, Martin. The Quixotic Vision of Sinclair Lewis. West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University Press, 1975. Demonstrates Lewis’ pattern, especially obvious in Main Street, of sending his heroes into the world motivated by heroic chivalric behavior, which results not only in foolish beliefs and behavior but also in kindness, generosity, sympathy, and idealism.

Shorer, Mark, ed. Sinclair Lewis: A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1962. Places Main Street in the context of Lewis’ other work.

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Critical Evaluation


Critical Overview