Other Literary Forms
During the Golden Age of Spain, drama was the most prestigious literary form. Lope de Vega Carpio had developed Spain’s national comedia, and Luis de Góngora y Argote, like almost every other Spanish writer, tried his hand at theater. Góngora’s plays met with little success. He completed two comedias: Las firmezas de Isabela (pr. 1610) and El doctor Carlino (pr. 1613). A third play, “Comedia venatoria,” was left unfinished. Góngora’s plays were unsuccessful because of their excessive difficulty; he was primarily a lyric poet, and therein lies his importance. Ironically, his greatest achievement in poetry constituted his main fault in drama: The dialogue was so complicated that the audience was unable to follow the plot, and the long lyrical sequences in the plays diverted attention from the main action.