Other Literary Forms

(Literary Essentials: Great Poems of the World)
0111204890-Camoes.jpg Luís de Camões (Library of Congress) Published by Salem Press, Inc.

Although Luís de Camões does not seem to have tried to compete with his great compatriot, the dramatist Gil Vicente, Camões did write three short autos (short plays). Enfatriões (pr. 1540; amphytrions), an adaptation of Plautus’s comedy, was probably staged in 1540 as a scholar’s exercise or for an academic celebration at Coimbra University. The El-Rei Seleuco (pr. c.1542; the play of King Seleuco), based on Plutarch, was performed in the home of Estácio da Fonseca, one of the king’s officials, perhaps on the occasion of a wedding, very likely in 1542 during the poet’s sojourn in Lisbon and at court. Finally, Filodemo, the longest, most classical, and most mature of Camões’s plays, was presented in Goa in 1555 to honor the newly appointed governor of India, Francisco Barreto.