Ludwig Feuerbach Further Reading

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Further Reading

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

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Acton, H. B. “Feuerbach's Theory of Religion and the Marxist Theory of ‘Ideologies.’” In The Illusion of the Epoch: Marxism-Leninism as a Philosophical Creed, pp. 116-33. London: Cohen & West, 1955.

Explains the features of Feuerbach's thought that laid the groundwork for a Marxist view of ideology as a pattern of false thinking shaped by social organization and class interests.

Adams, Kimberly VanEsveld. “Feminine Godhead, Feminist Symbol: The Madonna in George Eliot, Ludwig Feuerbach, Anna Jameson, and Margaret Fuller.” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 12, no. 1 (spring 1996): 41-70.

Illuminates the influence of Feuerbach's The Essence of Christianity (in its attribution of God's feminine nature) on George Eliot's treatment of the Madonna in her novel Adam Bede.

Althusser, Louis. “Feuerbach's ‘Philosophical Manifestoes.’” In For Marx, translated by Ben Brewster, pp. 43-48. New York: Pantheon Books, 1969.

Concentrates on the essentials in Feuerbach's philosophical writings that were later rejected by Karl Marx.

Ashton, Rosemary. “More Translation: Spinoza and Feuerbach (1849-54).” In The German Idea: Four English Writers and the Reception of German Though 1800-1860, pp. 55-66. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Considers the impact of Feuerbachian and Spinozan thought on the work of Victorian novelist George Eliot.

Barth, Karl. “An Introductory Essay.”1 In The Essence of Christianity, by Ludwig Feuerbach, pp. x-xxxii. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1957.

Barth characterizes the philosopher as an anti-theologian, and suggests a fundamental “shallowness” to Feuerbach's thought.

Chamberlain, William B. Heaven Wasn't His Destination: The Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1941, 216 p.

Provides a broad early assessment of Feuerbach, one of the first in English, that depicts him as an influential and underappreciated philosopher.

Cherno, Melvin. “Feuerbach's ‘Man Is What He Eats’: A Rectification.” Journal of the History of Ideas 24, no. 3 (July-September 1963): 397-406.

Places the generally misconstrued phrase coined by Feuerbach that “man is what he eats” (“Der Mensch ist was er isst”) into its original context as part of a critical review of chemist Jakob Moleschott's 1850 book on nutrition titled Lehre der Nahrungsmittel.

Elrod, John W. “Feuerbach and Kierkegaard on the Self.” Journal of Religion 56, no. 4 (October 1976): 348-65.

Traces affinities between the thought of Feuerbach and that of Søren Kierkegaard, particularly in regard to their interpretations of Christianity.

Fabro, Cornelio. “From Hegelian Theology to Anthropology (Feuerbach).” In God in Exile: Modern Atheism, A Study of the Internal Dynamic of Modern Atheism, from Its Roots in the Cartesian Cogito to the Present Day, edited and translated by Arthur Gibson, pp. 650-71. Westminster, Md.: Newman Press, 1968.

Examines how Feuerbach's work embodies the rise of modern atheism out of the collapse of German speculative idealism.

Gregor, A. James. “Ludwig Feuerbach and the Young Marx.” In A Survey of Marxism: Problems in Philosophy and the Theory of History, pp. 6-15. New York: Random House, 1965.

Summarizes Feuerbach's criticism of Hegelian idealism, noting Karl Marx's essentially matching response.

Hurth, Elisabeth. “When ‘Man Makes God’: Feuerbachian Atheism in New England.” ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance 42, no. 4 (1996): 255-89.

Provides an overview of responses to The Essence of Christianity by New England intellectuals.

Kamenka, Eugene. The Philosophy of Ludwig Feuerbach. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1970, 190 p.

Conducts a comprehensive study of Feuerbach's thought, including discussion of his critique of religion and philosophy, his ethics, epistemology, and critical methods.

Knoepflmacher, U. C. “George Eliot, Feuerbach, and the Question of Criticism.” Victorian Studies: A Journal of the Humanities, Arts and Sciences 7, no. 3 (March 1964): 306-9.

Explores briefly the influence of Feuerbach's The Essence of Christianity on the novels of George Eliot.

Miceli, Vincent P. “Feuerbach: Humanity Becomes God.” In The Gods of Atheism, pp. 20-41. New York: Arlington House, 1971.

Considers the intellectual path Feuerbach traveled to reach the contention that Christianity enslaved man to “an illusory absolute.”

Neusch, Marcel. “Ludwig Feuerbach: The Father of Modern Atheism.” In One Hundred Years of Debate Over God: The Sources of Modern Atheism, translated by Matthew J. O'Connell, pp. 31-56. Ramsey, N.J.: Paulist Press, 1982.

Reviews the major elements of Feuerbach's critique of religion, citing weaknesses and a general reductionism.

Orsini, G. N. G. “Feuerbach's Supposed Objection to Hegel.” Journal of the History of Ideas 30, no. 1 (January-March 1969): 85-90.

Focuses on a grandiose, but likely spurious, objection Feuerbach is said to have made to the Hegelian philosophical system.

Ridley, Hugh. “Myth as Illusion or Cognition: Feuerbach, Wagner and Nietzsche.” German Life and Letters 34, no. 1 (October 1980): 74-80.

Notes the contribution of Feuerbach's thought on myth to Wagnerian music-drama and asserts this to be the focal point of a philosophical division between Richard Wagner and Friedrich Nietzsche.

Rotenstreich, Nathan. “Feuerbach's Shift from Theology to Anthropology.” In Basic Problems of Marx's Philosophy, pp. 3-22. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1965.

Analyzes Feuerbach as a Left Hegelian and describes his intellectual influence on Karl Marx, chiefly in regard to the subject of religion.

Stepelevich, Lawrence S. “Max Stirner and Ludwig Feuerbach.” Journal of the History of Ideas 39, no. 3 (July-September 1978): 451-63.

Outlines the nineteenth-century philosophical debate between Feuerbach's “universal altruism” and Stirner's “concrete egoism.”

Wartofsky, Marx W. “Ludwig Feuerbach: A Review of Some Recent Literature.” Philosophical Forum 22 (1964-65): 69-78.

Appraises significant republications and critical studies of Feuerbach's work in the mid-twentieth century.

Additional coverage of Feuerbach's life and career is contained in the following sources published by the Gale Group: Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 133; Literature Resource Center.