"The Lottery" is written from a third-person point of view with limited scope. This objective perspective allows the reader to experience the lottery as it is happening, which allows suspense to build leading to the plot twist at the end. As readers, we want to know the outcome of the lottery, but because the narrator never tells us what it means to win, we are left in suspense until the very end.
A third-person point of view means there is someone outside of the story looking on and dictating the events that are occurring. When the narrator is limited, it means they don't know everything that is occurring or has occurred in the fictional world. This type of writing makes the narrator an active observer, just like the reader. In "The Lottery," the narrator does have information about the town and the lottery, but they don't give us any other significant information. We have no idea what it means to win the lottery or why the village partakes in this yearly tradition. This lack of knowledge creates suspense and adds an air of mystery to the text. We, the readers, watch the story unfold just like the narrator.
When the reader first encounters the concept of a lottery, their mind automatically thinks of a prize, which leads them to believe this lottery will be just as pleasant. However, the narrative point of view leaves out key details that would suggest this lottery is quite different. The only clues we can find come from the character's dialogue, but even that information is quite vague and indifferent. It's not until the end of the story that we learn the lottery is a sacred ritual where a person from the village is sacrificed in hopes of a prosperous harvest.
Between the third-person point of view and the limited, objective scope, the reader is left to believe that the lottery is something positive. This omission of key details creates suspense as the reader is left to wonder what the winner of the lottery will ultimately "win."