Lord of the Flies Themes
- William Golding uses the characters of Ralph and Jack to explore the conflict between savagery and civilization. The ambitious, charismatic Jack eventually leads the boys in a savage attack on Ralph, whose primary goal was to return the boys to civilization.
- Golding develops the theme of nature by describing the harmony and beauty of the island before the boys try to burn it down. This fire emphasizes the violence and destruction of mankind.
- Another major theme in Lord of the Flies is the loss of innocence. Ralph's despair at the end of the novel is a good example of this, as are the deaths of Simon and Piggy.