Two separate illustrations of an animal head and a fire on a mountain

Lord of the Flies

by William Golding

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Why is Piggy a necessary character in the novel Lord of the Flies?

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Piggy is heavyset and clumsy, literally resembling a pig. Loyal to Ralph, Piggy is either victimized or scorned by Jack and the hunters. Piggy’s glasses are the tool that Ralph uses to light the fire, and Piggy is the boy who comes up with the idea of using the conch shell to control who speaks during the meetings. Although Piggy is intelligent, Jack and the hunters dismiss him and kill him by pushing a huge stone onto him after they steal his glasses.

Piggy is a necessary character because he provides a target for Jack and the hunters as well as a parallel to the unfortunate sow that meets her end at the tip of the hunters’ spears.

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