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Lord of the Flies

by William Golding

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Why does Roger throw stones near Henry, not at him, in Lord of the Flies?

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I believe you are referring to Roger who throws stone near the Henry instead of at him. This occurs because “Roger’s arm was conditioned by a civilization that knew nothing of him and was in ruins.” In other words, Roger is still being influenced by civilization and has not yet turned into the savage he will become. Henry, himself, thinks it's a joke and looks for Roger, but Roger hides and no one really notices the "strange pleasure" Roger took in throwing the rocks. This event foreshadows a more horrible event at the end of the novel.

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In William Golding's Lord of the Flies, why does Roger not hit Henry with the stones?

In chapter four of William Golding's novel Lord of the Flies, one of the little boys, Henry, is playing along the beach. He is unaware that Roger, on of the older boys, is following him and watching. At first Roger is careful to stay behind trees as he watches, but soon Henry is absorbed with his play and Roger comes out of hiding, unafraid of being seen by the younger boy.

Roger decides to amuse himself by throwing stones at Henry, and at first he intentionally misses his target by five yards. 

[T]here was a space round Henry, perhaps six yards in diameter, into which he dare not throw. Here, invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life. Round the squatting child was the protection of parents and school and policemen and the law. Roger’s arm was conditioned by a civilization that knew nothing of him and was in ruins.

At this point in the novel, Roger is still living according to the rules and laws of the civilized world, despite the fact that there are no actual restraints on the island. By the end of the novel, however, Roger is the cruelest savage in Jack's tribe and he suffers no pangs of conscience about anything he does. 

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